Add complementary food, step by step
As the baby grows up, 4 months later, breast milk can no longer fully meet his nutritional needs.
At this point, parents can consider adding complementary food to their children, but adding complementary food will be a problem for all mothers.
Infants often suffer from unfitness when eating a new kind of food, and their digestive and absorption functions are not yet mature, and they are prone to dysfunction in the body.
Therefore, certain principles must be adhered to when adding complementary foods: 1. The amount should be increased from small to large; 2. The food should be from thin to thick, from fine to thick, from liquid to semi-liquid to solid food; 3. Add food types,You should also get used to the same and add another: once you have not added it successfully, you cannot think that the child does not like or adapt to it, and you can try it later. Feeding must be patient and not forced.
After each new food is added, pay close attention to its digestion. If gastric dysfunction, vomiting, abnormal stool or other conditions are found, feeding supplementary food should be suspended.
When the gastrointestinal function returns to normal, start with the acute small feeding.
Case 4, flexibly grasp the variety and quantity of complementary foods: in specific places, you should make appropriate adjustments according to the characteristics of your child.
The objective indicators for judging whether it is proper are: the baby does not cry after eating, sleeps well, digests the stool, and is satisfied with the weight gain.
In addition, parents should pay attention to the fact that infants grow fast, but their digestion is not as mature as older children. Therefore, when choosing and making complementary foods for babies, you need to pay attention to 6 aspects: 1. Reasonable formula, balanced nutrition, and the simplest formula of complementary foods.Contains only two types of food, such as porridge plus a meat, the so-called basic mixed additives.
But it is best to add some other foods to provide your child with multiple nutrients to make it a more complete and balanced diet.
This variety of mixed concentrations generally contains impurities: 1) a staple food as the main ingredient, preferably cereal porridge, etc .; 2) a protein supplement, which can use animal or plant proteins such as milk, meat, fish,Eggs, beans, etc .; 3) a supplementary food vegetable and fruit containing minerals and vitamins; 4) a supplementary food oil or sugar that supplies thermal energy to increase the thermal energy provided by mixing.
When this main component is adopted in the proper proportion, a perfect balanced expectation can be formed.
Note that the ratio of main and auxiliary foods is reasonable. For example, 65 grams of rice can be combined with 25 grams of poultry meat or 30 grams of eggs or 25 grams of beans. Sometimes two types of protein-providing foods, such as beans and small fish, are best.Can use animal protein to increase bioavailability.
It is best to choose dark green and yellow-red fruits and vegetables with vitamins C, A, and calcium.
2. Choose foods with high energy and nutrients. The baby has a small stomach capacity and cannot accommodate too much food at one meal. Generally, children 6 months to 1 year old can only eat 100-200ml of food per meal.
Therefore, a small but high amount of nutrient-rich food should be prepared for each meal of the baby, so that the baby’s growth and development needs.
3. Restrict pure heat energy food to the baby’s diet. It is not advisable to add more oil, pure heat energy food such as sugar, and can only add up to 10 grams or 5 grams of oil and 10 grams or 20 grams of sugar per day.
4, delicious, but the exclusion of irritating is a challenge for the mother.
When cooking, you should pay attention to the use of different colors of food, which can stimulate children’s appetite.
A small amount of condiments such as oil and salt can be added during frying, but irritating condiments such as pepper should not be used. Use as little or no MSG as possible. Cooking is mainly steamed or boiled. It should not be fried or fried.
5. The food should be fresh and chopped. Select fresh food and choose the tender part, such as the vegetable leaf part. The meat should be liver or other internal organs and lean meat, and the bean products should be tofu.Dried tofu is appropriate.
Before making, you should pay attention to chopped and boiled, but vitamin C is closely related to the production process, vegetables should not be cooked for a long time.
6, pay attention to hygiene In the process of preparing supplementary food, if you do not pay attention to hygiene, it is easy to cause pediatric infections, leading to diarrhea, vomiting and other symptoms.